Registers, Air Return Grilles, and Vent Cover Tips
Shop 4 Classics offers vent covers in many different prices, styles, and finishes. The variety can make it difficult to choose a vent cover. The following tips are provided as a service from Shop 4 Classics. We hope you will find this information helpful.
Most homes are heated and cooled by central forced air systems that consist of a furnace, an air conditioning unit, and ductwork. Warmed air from the furnace (winter) or cooled air from the air conditioner (summer) is delivered to the rooms in your home through forced air ducts. To provide efficiency and a uniform temperature from room to room, air is circulated back to the furnace through cold air returns.
A vent is an opening that allows air to pass. In this case, a vent allows air to pass between the room and duct. A vent cover is a generic term used to describe the decorative cover on the vent (i.e., duct opening). Registers and grilles are specific types of vent covers. Registers are vent covers that are typically used on forced air ducts. They have a pre-attached damper or set of louvers to help control airflow. For example, the damper can be closed to avoid heating or cooling a room that isnt used. Grilles are vent covers that are normally used on air return ducts. Grilles do not have a pre-attached damper. Louver assemblies can be used with grilles so that the grilles can be used on forced air ducts and still provide airflow control. Registers, grilles, and louver assemblies can be found in the Vent Covers section of our website.
Unfortunately custom manufacturing of grilles and registers is uneconomical. Engineering and machining costs for small lots or one run jobs are prohibitively expensive. Often, you can solve a size problem by resizing a hole or mounting two grilles end to end.
Air conditioning is a relatively new concept for homes. Traditionally, air return vent covers were called "cold air return covers" because only cold air was circulated back through them by a furnace in the winter time. With the invent of relatively inexpensive residential air conditioning systems, the same system of registers and air returns were used to circulate air in the summer time. In the summer, hot air is recycled through air returns. Although no longer completely accurate, the term "cold air return grille" has stuck and is still used frequently today.
As described above, homes were heated before they were cooled with air conditioning. In the winter, air warmed by a furnace passes through registers to heat rooms. When homes began to be cooled with air conditioning, the same registers were used to control air flow in the summer. In the summer, air chilled by an air conditioner passes through registers to cool the home. Today, registers are still often called "heat registers" even though both heated air and cooled air passes through them depending on the season.
Can I use a register in place of an air return grille or an air return grille in place of a register?
A register can be used in place of air return grilles and vice versa. If a register is used on an air return, the dampers should remain open. Closing the dampers can cause your heating and cooling system to work harder to draw air back through the returns. In most cases, the louver assembly can be removed from registers if necessary. Conversely, air return grilles can be used in place of registers to cover supplies. Air return covers do not have adjustable louvers to moderate air flow but if the room is always occupied, they may not be necessary. If air flow control is desireable, louver assemblies that install independently in the duct behind the grille can be purchased separately.
Most of our grilles and registers are available with screw holes so that they can be wall or ceiling mounted. These vent covers have countersunk holes and matching screws to secure them in place.
Lay the vent cover in the hole in the floor or frame. Draw a line around the outside of the vent cover. Set your router to the same thickness as the outside rim of the vent cover. Cut along the inside of the line being careful not to cut outside the line. Several passes of the router may be required. Chisel the rim until the vent cover sits flush into the floor or frame. In applications that require close tolerances or a great degree of precision, we recommend that the product itself be used to make actual measurements.
Aluminum and cast iron grilles can be painted to match your decor. The cast iron grilles can be primed and painted with direct to metal primer and paint. The aluminum grilles have a powder-coat finish. You can paint directly over this coating with a paint suitable for metal. Oil-base or latex paint can be used with the aluminum grilles if the grille is cleaned with alcohol and then primed with Kills primer before painting. Speak with a local paint expert for help selecting direct to metal paint.
All unfinished wood grilles must be stained and sealed or painted to retard warping due to moisture. All surfaces (i.e., top, bottom, and edges) must be sealed. Wood vent covers are pre-sanded by the manufacturer. Additional sanding may be required.
High-velocity outlets are the equivalent of registers for high-velocity heating and cooling systems. As opposed to the rigid ducts of conventional central air systems, a high-velocity heating and cooling system forces air through 2" diameter flexible tubes. The tubes deliver high pressure cooled or heated (depending on the season) air throughout a home or building. At the end of each tube is a high-velocity outlet.
The small diameter flexible tubes of high-velocity systems can be more easily threaded through existing walls, floors, and ceilings. This makes a high-velocity heating and cooling systems a popular choice for retrofitting an old home. Most systems include plastic outlet covers but Shop 4 Classics offers quality-crafted wood, brass, and aluminum outlets more fitting a vintage home.
Shop 4 Classics offers many choices of finishes. For tips on selecting the right finish for your vent cover, see our finish tips.
All items are warranted by the manufacturer. For more information, see Warranties. Also each product detail page includes a Manufacturer Information box which links to additional information about that manufacturer's warranty and return policies.
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